Simply put, someone said to suffer from hypertension or high blood pressure if the systolic blood pressure greater than 140 mmHg or diastolic pressure greater than 90 mmHg. Ideal blood pressure is 120 mmHg for systolic and 80 mmHg for diastolic. In many cases, the pressure was increased. Systolic blood pressure (top number) is the peak pressure is reached when the heart contracts and blood mempompakan out through the arteries. While diastolic blood pressure (bottom number) was taken when the pressure fell to its lowest point when the heart relaxes and fills the blood back.
Increased pressure in hypertension is closely related to improper storage of salt and water, or increased pressure from within the body on the circulation of the blood vessels soft (peripheral). Although the causes vary, but the center is the imbalance in the renin-Angio-tensin, which plays an important role in regulating blood pressure.
Hypertension, which usually develops during middle age, more common in men and postmenopausal women. Family history of hypertension increases the risk; as well as smoking, dyslipidemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity, education, and low socioeconomic status.
You need to be suspicious of suffering from hypertension if blood pressure is consistently pointing to the 140/90 mmHg or more. For those who are healthy (age 18 and over), the table below can guide you what to do based on initial blood pressure checks.
The recommendations are very dependent on your blood pressure readings that have been passed, other cardiovascular risk factors, and the presence of other diseases. Consulting a doctor if necessary.